-Acute laryngeal trauma may be due to:
Penetrating trauma as gun shot or cut throat, blunt injury as strangulation or car accidents, surgical trauma, chemical as in steam inhalations or irradiation injury.
-Chronic laryngeal trauma may be due to:
Intubation granuloma (at the vocal process of the arytenoids) or prolonged endotracheal intubation.
-There may be pain, hoarseness of voice, stridor, hemoptysis or even shock.
-Examination may shows laryngeal tenderness, crepitus of fractured cartilage, edema, deformity or external wound.
-CT scan may be helpful.
-Ensure patent air way be tracheostomy.
-Shock is controlled, antibiotics and steroids are used.
-Fractured laryngeal cartilage may be fixed later on.